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From the Pastor’s Desk
ABBA WHO?

May 2006

 

Dear Chaciyd(Saints),

            In the past we were taught that the Hebraic pronunciation of Father was Abba.  As we continue to move on in the things of YAHUAH, we must learn to look at the Ancient Hebrew and the primitive root word.  The word “ABBA” {ab-ba} Aramaic, meaning “Daddy” or “dear Father”; a term of endearment, not as formal as “Ab”.  In the Greek, Abba means father, customarily title used in prayer to YAHUAH.  Upon searching this word (Abba) out we notice that the origin of the Greek word Abba is Aramaic.  The Aramaic word comes from the Hebraic primitive word AB {awb}, meaning  father of an individual, of YAHUAH as father of His people, head or founder of a household, group, family or clan, ancestors, grandfather, forefather of person, original or patron of a class, profession, or art, of producer, generator (figurative), of benevolence and protection (figurative), term of respect and honour, ruler or chief (specifically).  The word customarily used by the Hebrews for Father is Abiy {ab-ee} or shorter Abi pronounced {a-vee} which comes from the primitive word AB and it means My Father.   Now we understand that the Hebrew word customarily used for Father is Abi {a-vee} which comes from the primitive word AB {awb}.  So, why were we saying ABBA? Let’s look at Scripture.  The word ABBA is only written in scripture three times.  It is written in Mark 14:36, Romans 8: 15, and Galatians 4:6.

This word has been used freely and frequently among The Sacred Name people.  However Abba was not the customarily title used to address YAHUAH but rather Abi {a-vee} is the customarily title used to address YAHUAH.  In all the Scripture, we only find YAHUSHA using the word ABBA one time.  Also, this word was only recorded by one other person Sha’ul (Paul) and he only recorded it twice.  If this word Abba is customarily (frequently) used, then why was it only recorded twice and why did YAHUSHA speak it only once in Scripture? If Abba is a customarily used title to address YAHUAH, we should see it used often because YAHUSHA called YAHUAH, Abi ( My Father), many times.

          In the Book of Mark 14:36 “And he [YAHUSHA] said, Abba, Abi (My Father), all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me:  never the less not what I will, but what thou wilt.” So, if Abba means father and if it was a customarily used term, why would YAHUSHA say “Abba Abi (My Father)”.  He would have said just Abba.  This is the first and only time that YAHUSHA uses the term.  Notice in Scripture, each time the word Abba is used it is followed by the Hebrew word Abi pronounced {a-vee} meaning “My Father”

Let’s look at Romans.  Romans 8:14-15, “For as many as are led by the Ruah(Spirit) of YAHUAH, they are the sons of YAHUAH. 15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Ruah(Spirit)  of adoption, whereby we cry, ABBA, Abi (My Father).

          Now let’s look at Galatians 4:6 “And because ye are the sons, YAHUAH has sent forth the Ruah(Spirit) of his son into your heart, crying, ABBA, Abi (My Father).

Again, notice that each time the word ABBA (which means father according to the Greek Lexicon and was/is a customarily title used in prayer to YAHUAH) is used it is followed by the Hebraic title Abi {ab-ee} (“My Father”).  If this word ABBA was such a customarily used term, would not the worshippers of YAHUAH know the term ABBA means Father as the title for Him?   If we are to use the term Abba, then we should follow the Scripture examples and the example of YAHUSHA and Sha’ul and not use the word alone but when using the word in the context of Scripture, we must say Abba, Abi (pronounced ab-ba, a-vee). If we go back to the ancient Hebrew we cannot find ABBA, but we do find Abiy {ab-ee} or shorter/ Abi pronounced (a-vee} from the primitive word Ab {awb}.  Greek history even explains that they constructed ABBA from the Aramaic word Ab {ab}, corresponding to a primitive Hebrew word Ab {awb}.

          According to the “Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible” by Jeff A. Benner, Ab means father.  “The father of the family provides the strength, support, and structure to the household. The Father fulfilled many functions for the family.  He was the commander of the family army, provider of offspring to continue the family line, the priest and teacher.  A father can be of the immediate family or a lineage such as Jacob who is the father of Yashar'YAH (Yisraelites).  A father can also be patron of a profession or art.  [Hebrew and Aramaic] father, chief, families, desire, patrimony, prince, principle, greeness, fruit.” Are not YAHUAH Abinu(Our Father) pronounced {a-vee-noo} and YAHUSHA MashaYAH all these things to us and much more?  After carefully examining Scripture we come to the conclusion that Abi {ab-ee} is the customarily and most frequently used title in prayer to YAHUAH, which comes from the primitive word Ab {awb}.

          Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 9:6 For unto us a yeled(child) is yalad(born), unto us a ben(son) is nathan(given): and the misrah(government) shall be upon his shkem(shoulder): and his shem(name) shall be qara(called) Pala (Wonderful), Ya’ats(Counselor), The gabar (mighty) EL, The Abi’ad {pronounced a-vee-Ad} (Everlasting Father), The Sarar ha Shalam(Prince of Peace).

          I Corinthians 8:6 But to us there is but one YAHUAH Abi’ad (The Father of Eternity) of whom are all things; and we in Him; and one Master YAHUSHA Ha MashaYAH, by whom are all things, and we by Him.

          Yeshayahu (Isaiah)64:8 But now O YAHUAH Abinu {pronounced a-vee-noo}, thou art (Our Father) we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

          Mattithyahu (Matthew)6:9 and Luke 11:2 After this manner therefore palal (pray) ye: Abinu Sheba shamayim {pronounced a-vee-noo- she-ba- shah-ma-yeem (Our Father who art in heaven). . . 

          Mattithyahu (Matthew)6:6 But thou, when thou prayest enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, palal(pray) to thy Abi {ab-ee} (Father) which is in secret; and thy Abi {ab-ee} (Father) which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.

          Mattithyahu (Matthew)11:25 At that time YAHUSHA answered and said, I thank thee, O Abi {ab-ee}, YAHUAH (Father, YAHUAH). . .

          Mattithyahu (Matthew)26:39 And he went a little further and fell on his face, and prayed saying O Abi {ab-ee} (My Father). . .  42 He went away again the second time and prayed, saying O Abi {ab-ee} (My Father). . . 53 Thinkest thou that I cannot now palal(pray) to Abi {ab-ee} ( My Father). . .

Mattithyahu (Matthew)28:19 Go ye therefore; and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Abi {ab-ee} (Father). 

          As these scriptures illustrate YAHUSHA MashaYAH almost always said Abi (Father) when referring to YAHUAHOnly once did YAHUSHA use Abba to refer to YAHUAH and when he said Abba that one time he did not use it alone, rather he said Abba Abi pronounced {ab-ba a-vee}.  When YAHUSHA prayed he used Abi (Father) and Abinu(Our Father).  There are many scriptures that show YAHUSHA using Abi to refer to YAHUAH.  Although Abi is the most common Hebraic word used to refer to YAHUAH as Father, Ab also means Father but is more formal and not more frequently used than Abi.  Here is a list of just a few words that mean Father and is from the primitive word Ab {awb}:

STRONG’S

#21 `Abiy {ab-ee} Abi- “my father”
#22 `Abiy’el {ab-ee-ale}- “El (YAHUAH) is (my) Father”
#26 `Abiygayil {ab-ee-gah-yil} or shorter Abiygal {ab-ee-gal}- “my father is joy”
#27 `Abiyddan {ab-ee-dawn}- “my father is judge”
#29 `Abiyah {ab-ee-yaw} or prolonged Abiyahuw {ab-ee-yaw-hoo}- “YAHUAH is (my) Father”
#32 `Abiyhayil {ab-ee-hah-yil} or more correctly `Abiychayil {ab-ee-khah-yil}- “my father is might”
#38 `Abiyam {Ab-ee-yawn}- “Yah(u) is my Father”
#39 `Abiyma-el {ab-ee-maw-ale}- “My Father is El YAHUAH”
#40 `Abiymelek {ab-ee-mel-ek}- “my father is my king”
#46 `ABIYR {Aw-beer}- “mighty, spokesman of YAHUAH, used only to describe YAHUAH, The Strong One, old name for YAHUAH (poetic)”
#48 `Abiyram {ab-vee-rawn}- “my father is exalted”
#53 `Abiyshalowm {ab-ee- shaw-lome}- “my father is peace”
#87 `Abram {Ab-rawm}- original name for Abraham, high father, exalted father”

          It would help us if we zakar (remember) that the people of YAHUAH are called by His Name and HIS NAME IS IN HIS PEOPLE.

   In The Yachal (Hope) of YAHUSHA MashaYAH,

Raah Fredrick A. Brown

     

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